Centre for Military Ethics

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Professor David Whetham

Professor David Whetham

Director

El Dr. David Whetham es Profesor de Ética Militar en el Departamento de Estudios de Defensa del King’s College de Londres, con sede en la Facultad de Servicios de Comando y Estado Mayor Conjuntos (Joint Services Command and Staff College) en la Academia de Defensa del Reino Unido, donde coordina o dicta los módulos de ética militar en clases para entre dos mil y tres mil oficiales británicos e internacionales al año.

David asistió como profesor invitado en el Centro Stockdale de Liderazgo Ético, (Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership) Annapolis (2011), y en el Centro de Liderazgo y Ética en Defensa (Centre for Defence Leadership and Ethics) en la Escuela de Defensa de Australia (Australian Defence College) en Canberra (2009). También dicta clases sobre ética militar en forma regular como profesor invitado en el Colegio de Defensa Báltico (Baltic Defence College), la Academia Militar de Belgrado y la Real Fuerza Armada de Brunei.

Sus publicaciones incluyen "Ética, derecho y operaciones militares" (Ethics, Law and Military Operations), Palgrave, 2010; "Guerras justas y victorias morales" (Just Wars and Moral Victories), Brill, 2009; y, con Andrea Ellner y Paul Robinson (editores), "Cuando los soldados dicen no: objeciones selectivas conscientes en las fuerzas militares modernas" (When Soldiers Say No: Selective Conscientious Objection in the Modern Military), Ashgate, 2014.

David es el Vicepresidente de La Sociedad Internacional de Ética Militar en Europa (Euro ISME), que ofrece una conferencia anual a profesionales militares, académicos y diseñadores de políticas.

Enviar todas las consultas a David: david.whetham@kcl.ac.uk

Lt Gen (Rtd) Professor Martin CM Bricknell CB OStJ PhD DM MBA MA MedSci

Lt Gen (Rtd) Professor Martin CM Bricknell CB OStJ PhD DM MBA MA MedSci

Deputy Director & Professorial Advisor “Ethics Education for Crisis Medicine”

Professor Bricknell served 34 years in the UK Defence Medical Services, culminating his service as the last Surgeon General. He undertook operational tours in Afghanistan, Iraq, and the Balkans with multiple additional overseas assignments. In 2010 and 2006, he held senior Medical Adviser appointments in the NATO ISAF mission. He commanded 22 Field Hospital in 1999-2002. He has trained as a general practitioner and is an accredited specialist in both Public Health and Occupational Medicine. He holds two doctorates and 3 masters degrees. He has published over 100 academic papers across military medical subjects. He is especially interested in how organisations learn, care pathways in military healthcare, and the political economy of health in conflict. He was awarded the Companion of the Order of Bath, the Order of St John and the US Bronze Star during his military service. He took up his current appointment in April 2019.

Dr Deane-Peter Baker

Dr Deane-Peter Baker

Visiting Senior Research Fellow

Dr Deane-Peter Baker was appointed to the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at UNSW Canberra (at the Australian Defence Force Academy) in August 2012, where he is also a researcher in the Australian Centre for the Study of Armed Conflict and Society.

He came to Canberra from Annapolis, Maryland, USA, where he was an Assistant Professor of Ethics in the Department of Leadership, Ethics and Law at the United States Naval Academy for two and a half years. Prior to that Dr Baker was Associate Professor of Ethics at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa, where he taught for eleven years. His PhD, in philosophy, was awarded by Macquarie University. Dr Baker served briefly in the British Army, and served the South African Army Reserve where he was Convenor of the South African Army Strategy Research Group and part of the leadership team of the Umvoti Mounted Rifles, a reserve armoured cavalry regiment.

A specialist in both the ethics of armed conflict and military strategy, Dr Baker's research straddles philosophy, ethics and security studies. From 2006 to 2008 Dr Baker was Chairman of the Ethics Society of South Africa. He has held visiting fellowships at the Triangle Institute for Security Studies in North Carolina, the Strategic Studies Institute of the US Army War College and Kings College London. From 2007 to 2010 Dr Baker was editor of the African Security Review. Dr Baker created the world’s first Massive Open Online Course on the topic of Military Ethics, hosted on the FutureLearn platform. In 2017 he was appointed to the International Panel for the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons.

Dr Marina Miron

Dr Marina Miron

Post Doctoral Researcher

Marina Miron holds a BA in Politics and American Studies (Jt Hons) from the University of Nottingham, and a MA in War & Contemporary Conflict (Distinction) from the same institution. In February 2019, Marina successfully completed her PhD studies in the area of military strategy at the University of New South Wales Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, Australia. Since 2012 she has been working as assistant editor at Infinity Journal and The Journal of Military Operations. Marina has participated in a range of academic conferences such as the International Studies Association Annual Convention, and taught short courses related to strategic studies, intelligence and counterinsurgency/counterterrorism at various establishments, most notably, at the NATO School in Oberammergau, Germany. Marina’s main research interests include strategic and war studies with emphasis on the Middle East, Southeast Asia and Russia, the thought of Clausewitz, and forms of contemporary warfare, including cyber-warfare, and ‘irregular warfare’.

Lt Col. Tom McDermott DSO MA

Lt Col. Tom McDermott DSO MA

Becario De Investigaci

El Lt Col. Tom McDermott, DSO MA, se unió al ejército Británico en 2001. Durante 14 años de servició operó desde lo táctico a lo estratégico. Formó parte de la invasión de Irak en 2003 como jefe de tanque y trabajó tanto en el Cuartel general militar de la Unión Europea (EU Military HQ) en Bruselas como en departamentos críticos del Ministerio de Defensa del Reino Unido. En 2011, estudió en la Escuela de Comando y Estado Mayor de Australia (Australian Command and Staff College) en Canberra, donde se graduó con un Máster (MA) en Estrategia y Política y recibió el Premio del Gobernador General al mejor estudiante.

En los últimos años se especializó en la operación de la OTAN en Afganistán, planeando y coordinando operaciones de ataque veloz a lo largo del país. En 2013, comandó la Fuerza de Reconocimiento para la séptima Brigada Acorazada del Reino Unido (las "Ratas del Desierto"), donde lideró 50 misiones aerotransportadas. Por este motivo, fue condecorado con la Orden del Servicio Distinguido (DSO, por sus siglas en inglés) del Reino Unido. McDermott ha sido recientemente empleado como instructor de la Academia de Defensa del Reino Unido como especialista en liderazgo y guerra terrestre. En octubre de 2015 será transferido al Ejército Australiano.

Professor Peter Mahoney CBE

Professor Peter Mahoney CBE

Research Fellow

Prof Mahoney is a Consultant in Anaesthesia and Pre-Hospital Emergency Medicine. He has served in both the Army Reserve (22 years) and Regular Army (18 years). Roles have included Deployed Medical Director of the Hospital in Camp Bastion, Afghanistan and the helicopter delivered Medical Emergency Response Team (MERT). In 2006 he served with the US Army's 10th Combat Support Hospital in Baghdad and was awarded the Bronze Star. Before Regular Service he was an Honorary Senior Lecturer in Conflict Medicine (Leonard Cheshire Centre, UCL, 1998) and undertook a number of deployments with NGOs. His PhD in Defence and Security (Cranfield, 2018) investigated military ballistic head injury and his MBA ( University of Nottingham, 2011) looked at the deployed trauma system as a High Reliability Organisation. Peter also holds a PgD in Forensic Investigation (Cranfield, 2017) and works with the Centre for Blast Injury Studies at Imperial College supporting major inquests and Inquiries. He was the UK’s Foundation Defence Professor of Anaesthesia (2008) and with minimal resources built a thriving academically active department. Current research projects include novel medicines for pain management (Cardiff University) and neuropathic pain mechanisms (Defence Science and Technology Laboratory). He has recently been appointed as an Associate Medical Director for St John Ambulance

Lt Col Andres Eduardo Fernandez-Osorio

Lt Col Andres Eduardo Fernandez-Osorio

Research Fellow

Andres Eduardo Fernandez-Osorio, PhD in Law and Political Science, is a Lieutenant Colonel in the National Army of Colombia currently serving as head of the Department of Postgraduate Studies at the Colombian War College (Escuela Superior de Guerra “Rafael Reyes Prieto”) and associate professor at the Colombian Army Military Academy (Escuela Militar de Cadetes “General Jose Maria Cordova”). He holds an MA in Economy, State and Society: Politics and Security (University College London, UK); an MA in International Relations (Higher School of Economics Moscow, Russian Federation); and an MA in Defence and National Security (Colombian War College).

He is a graduate of the UK Defence Academy – Joint Services Command and Staff College, and has acted as a guest lecturer at the Colombian War College (Escuela Superior de Guerra) and at the Del Rosario University (Colegio Mayor de Nuestra Señora del Rosario). During his career, he has served as the liaison officer at the Military and Air Force attaché office of the Embassy of Colombia to the United Kingdom, and an assistant to the Military, Naval and Air Force attaché of the Embassy of Colombia to the Russian Federation.

Dr Anicée Van Engeland

Dr Anicée Van Engeland

Research Fellow

Dr Anicée Van Engeland (PhD Institut d’Etudes Politiques 06, LLM Harvard Law School 04, MA International Relations 02, MA Iranian Studies 02) is an Associate Professor of international security and law at Cranfield University. Anicée’s main areas of research and practice are human rights law and humanitarian law (with a focus on Islamic law). She adapts liberal principles of international law to accommodate cultural and religious specificities.

A former aid worker and human rights worker, Dr Van Engeland advises, trains and debriefs many NGOs and international organisations’ staff. She trains armed forces in the UK, as well as all forces and civil servants around the world through MOD/FCO programmes. She has provided support to the Jamaican Ministry of National Security and to the Ukrainian authorities. Anicée also advises governments, international organisations, NGOs and civil society on Islam, security and conflict, including Islamic humanitarian principles. She teaches and has published on issues ranging from human rights law to ethics and law, from security to peace-building, from corruption to accountability.

Whitney Grespin

Whitney Grespin

Researcher

Whitney Grespin has worked in contingency contracting, educational programming, and international development on five continents. Whitney is a PhD candidate at King’s College London’s Defence Studies Department and held a three-year Graduate Teaching Assistant studentship at the UK Defence Academy’s Joint Services Command and Staff College, where she delivered officer training to the British Army and Royal Air Force. Her academic work focuses on the USG use of contractors to deliver foreign military training and is based on her professional experiences in Afghanistan and five sub-Saharan countries.

Whitney also currently works as a contracted Peace Operations Analyst for the U.S. Army War College’s Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI), and is a Term Member at the Council on Foreign Relations and adjunct instructor at the George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs.

Dr Andrea Ellner

Dr Andrea Ellner

Equipo Central

La Dra. Andrea Ellner es profesora del Departamento de Estudios de Defensa del King’s College de Londres, con sede en la Facultad de Servicios de Comando y Estado Mayor Conjuntos en la Academia de Defensa del Reino Unido. Es una investigadora interdisciplinaria con un PhD en Ciencias Políticas de la Universidad Libre de Berlín (Free University of Berlín) y un Máster en Historia de la Universidad Ludwig-Maximilians de Múnich. Su investigación y enseñanza especializada actuales se han enfocado sobre las dimensiones históricas y contemporáneas de las relaciones civiles-militares y socio-militares en Europa y los EE. UU., particularmente sobre la integración de género en las fuerzas armadas occidentales, ética de guerra y organizaciones militares, discursos sociales sobre la guerra y los combatientes, el género y el conflicto armado.

Entre sus publicaciones se encuentran, "Ética de inclusión: igualdad de Género, igualdad de oportunidades y agresión sexual en las fuerzas armadas australianas, británicas, canadienses y estadounidenses" (The Ethics of Inclusion: Gender Equality, Equal Opportunity and Sexual Assault in the Australian, British, Canadian and US Armed Forces), en "Manual de Ética Militar" (Handbook of Military Ethics), George Lucas (editor), Routledge (a publicar en 2015) y "Resistentes a la guerra en los Estados Unidos y Gran Bretaña: ¿apoyo a los argumentos a favor del derecho a las objeciones selectivas conscientes?" (War Resisters in the US and Britain – Supporting the Case for a Right to Selective Conscientious Objection?) en el libro de Andrea Ellner, Paul Robinson y David Whetham (editores), "Cuando los soldados dicen no: objeciones selectivas conscientes en las fuerzas militares modernas", Ashgate, 2014.

La Dra. Ellner es miembro de La Sociedad Internacional de Ética Militar en Europa (Euro ISME), del Instituto Internacional de Estudios Estratégicos (IISS) de Londres, del Real Instituto de Servicios Unidos (Royal United Services Institution o RUSI) de Londres y de la Sociedad Pugwash británica (British Pugwash Society).

Dr Mohammed Metwally

Dr Mohammed Metwally

Post Doctoral Researcher

Mo Metwally is a post-doctoral researcher with the King’s Centre for military ethics, supporting the research for health in conflict project. He is a fellow of SYLFF foundation (The Ryoichi Sasakawa Young Leaders Fellowship Fund). He has held fellowships in Jaen University, Castilla de la Mancha, and Deusto in Spain. He has also been a visiting researcher in the department of forensic medicine in the University of Palermo to study the impact of ethical leadership on the efficiency and reliability of forensic operations, and in the Institute of Statistics of Cairo University. His current research activities lie in the field of military and military medical ethics during conflict and post-conflict.

Dr. Lonneke Peperkamp

Dr. Lonneke Peperkamp

International Associate

Dr. Lonneke Peperkamp is assistant professor in philosophy of law at Radboud University Nijmegen and SPIRe research fellow at University College Dublin. Lonneke has an interdisciplinary background in law, philosophy, and conflict studies, and holds a PhD in just war theory (specifically jus post bellum and peace building). She was previously a visiting assistant professor at Hong Kong University, visiting research fellow at the European University Institute in Florence, and researcher at Goethe University Frankfurt. Lonneke teaches courses on the ethics of war and peace, philosophy of human rights, global distributive justice, the ethics of violence, philosophy of law, and war and violent conflict. Her main research interests are war and political violence, military ethics, peace building, space law and security, global justice, and human rights. She is a member of the Board of Directors of EuroISME (the International Society for Military Ethics in Europe).

Prof. Dr Dragan Stanar

Prof. Dr Dragan Stanar

International Associate

Dr Dragan Stanar is Associate Professor of Ethics at the Faculty of International Politics and Security, UNT University in Belgrade. He is an Adjunct Associate Professor of Military Ethics at the Military Academy in Belgrade and at the School of National Defence of the University of Defense. He is a member of the EuroISME Board of Directors and editor-in-chief of the online Ethics of Peace and War collection. Dragan has published over 30 academic papers on ethics of war, military ethics and political ethics along with two books – Just war (2019) and Ethics of International Politics (2021). SAF officer in reserve. Fields of interest include ethics of war, ethics of political violence, and political philosophy.

Dr George Wilkes

Dr George Wilkes

Visiting Research Fellow

Dr George R. Wilkes is an Affiliated Research Fellow focused on military ethics education and its relationship with International Humanitarian Law. Director of the Project on Religion and Ethics in the Making of War and Peace at the University of Edinburgh, he has lectured at the universities of Cambridge, Edinburgh, Leuven, Birmingham and California. He is currently co-directing a Euro-ISME case study project on positive applications of ethical and legal norms, designed as a partner project to the ICRC’s IHL in Action platform. Other recent projects have included a cross-cultural dialogue between Chinese and Western military ethics educators, and a co-edited volume on uses of the Holocaust in military ethics education.

Holly Hughson

Holly Hughson

Research Project Manager “Ethics Education for Crisis Medicine”

Holly Hughson is a Senior Advisor and practitioner researcher having operated and advised for almost two decades in high-stakes crisis response, humanitarian action and civil-military coordination. Holly’s work experience by country includes Kosovo, Sudan, South Sudan, Iraq, Russian Federation, Macedonia, Afghanistan and Ghana. As a frontline witness to 21st century conflict, Holly has seen first hand, the disruption to 20th century norms of security, power, profession and identity. Holly researches, writes and speaks on the intersections of humanitarian aid, counterterrorism, and civil-military coordination. Holly’s chapter, “The Military is Not the Sole Profession on the Battlefield” appeared in the 2018 publication from the U.S. Naval Institute Press, Redefining the Modern Military – The Intersection of Professional and Ethics, Eds, N.K. Finney and T.O. Mayfield.

Dr Stefan Schilling

Dr Stefan Schilling

Researcher

Stefan is a Teaching Fellow at KCL's Defence Studies Department teaching Command and Leadership as well as International Relations, Security Studies and Civil Military Relations at the Joint Services Command and Staff College of the UK Defence Academy. He is also the School Research Manager for the School of Security Studies at King's College London, responsible for grant development and funding support for academics at the War Studies Department and the Department of Defence Studies of KCL.

Stefan has submitted his PhD at King's College London on Cohesion and Social Identity in military units in June 2019, and is currently pursuing a conversion course in Psychology, focusing on social identity, moral psychology and resilience. Stefan has worked closely with the Royal Marines and accompanied various units on military excercises overseas.

Before joining King’s, Stefan has been working at the University of Heidelberg as a Teaching Assistant, supporting courses on U.S. Foreign Policy, Military Interventions and Foreign Policy Analysis, worked at the German Council of Foreign Relations, organising conferences on NATO strategy in Afghanistan. Stefan holds an M.A. from the University of Heidelberg in Political Science and Political Science of South Asia; and has studied at the University of Toronto's Munk School for Global Affairs and at the Shanghai International Studies University.

Isabella Gardner

Isabella Gardner

Undergraduate Research Fellow, Summer 2018

Isabella Gardner is an Undergraduate Research Fellow in the Centre for Military Ethics, where she is working with Dr Whetham to expand the tools available for teaching and discussing military ethics. She has recently completed her undergraduate degree in International Relations at King’s College London where she specialised in the Middle East and ethical issues surrounding the reporting of conflict as a journalist. Isabella will be starting at the Home Office in September to work on refugee integration policy.

Suji Sohn

Suji Sohn

Undergraduate Research Fellow, Summer 2017

Suji Sohn was the 2017 Undergraduate Research Fellow in the Centre for Military Ethics, where she worked with Dr David Whetham on developing curriculum content. Currently Suji is a third year Undergraduate in War Studies, with work experience ranging from military defence through to consultancy. She is interested in the financial world and looking to develop into a recognised investment analyst having completed her investment management certification in 2017.

Dr Emma Cunliffe

Dr Emma Cunliffe

Becario De Investigación De 2016

Los intereses de investigación de la Dra. Cunliffe se centran en los tipos de daños que sufren los sitios arqueológicos en el Medio Oriente durante épocas de paz y de guerra y en el desarrollo de métodos para identificar y registrar las amenazas mediante imágenes satelitales y medios sociales. Su trabajo se centra básicamente en Siria e Irak. En el marco de su trabajo, estudió las relaciones civiles-militares antes, durante y después del conflicto. La Dra. Cunliffe se unió al Centro de Ética Militar a fin de producir un módulo online para el Comité del Escudo Azul y la protección del patrimonio y bienes culturales.

Hayley Stoate

Hayley Stoate

Becario De Investigación De Grado, Verano De 2016

Hayley Stoate es una estudiante de segundo año de la carrera de grado de Economía Política en el King’s College de Londres. Interesada en una carrera diplomática, aspira a obtener un conocimiento cabal de las relaciones internacionales, integrando los aspectos privados, de seguridad y públicos. Luego de trabajar en la start-up tecnológica TitanFile el año pasado, Hayley se está desempeñando como becaria de investigación para el Dr. David Whetham en el campo de Ética Militar. El próximo verano comenzará su pasantía en el Parlamento. En vistas a su futuro, Hayley planea realizar una carrera de reconversión en derecho inmediatamente después de recibirse.

William Reynolds

William Reynolds

Becario De Investigación De Grado, Verano De 2016

William Reynolds es un becario de investigación de grado en el Centro de Ética Militar que se encuentra trabajando en un proyecto que resalta los dilemas éticos en los entornos militares y da lugar a preguntas para debatir en marcos formales e informales con el fin de expandir las herramientas en un entorno integrado. En la actualidad, está comenzando el segundo año de su carrera de grado en Estudios de Guerra en el King’s College de Londres, en el que se abordan particularmente temáticas vinculadas con conflictos bélicos históricos desde 1792 como así también cuestiones contemporáneas.

Gwilym Williams

Gwilym Williams

Becario De Investigación De Grado, Verano De 2015

Gwilym Williams es un becario de investigación de grado en el Centro de Ética Militar en el Departamento de Estudios de Defensa del King’s College de Londres, donde trabaja junto al Dr. David Whetham en un proyecto que resalta los dilemas éticos en los entornos militares y alienta a la generación de preguntas para debatir en marcos formales e informales. Recientemente obtuvo su título de grado en Historia en el King’s College. Durante sus estudios se concentró en cuestiones militares y políticas y basó su disertación de fin de año en la política de despacho de aviones Spitfire de Gran Bretaña a Australia durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Aspira a comenzar el Máster en Estudios de Guerra en el King’s College en septiembre y desarrollar una carrera relacionada a las fuerzas armadas y la política de defensa británica.

Dr Chiu-Yi Lin

Dr Chiu-Yi Lin

Research Associate

Dr. Chiu-Yi Lin is a Research Associate in the Department of War Studies at King’s College London. Prior to this she received her MSc degree in 2013 and obtained her PhD in Nursing at the University of Manchester, UK, in 2019. She then joined the Division of Pharmacy and Optometry and worked on various health service projects.

In her early career, Chiu-Yi was a registered nurse in psychiatric inpatient wards at Tri-Service General Hospital, Taiwan (a military hospital). After this, she worked as a lecturer in two college-level institutions, teaching mental healthcare and conducting literature reviews. During her career, she has worked at various research institutions, hospitals, colleges, and universities in the UK and Taiwan in the field of health service research.

She is especially interested in military medical ethics, military healthcare, global health and security systems, pain management, opioid use, shared decision making, quality of life, evidence-based practice, mental health services research, and medical education.

Dr Janet Kelly

Dr Janet Kelly

Visiting Senior Lecturer

Janet is a Senior Lecturer (Band 9) in Healthcare Law and Ethics at the University of Hull and is an Honorary Senior Lecturer.

Janet qualified as a nurse in 1988 and as a midwife in 1991. She joined the British Army in Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps first as a reservist in 1989 and then as a regular Nursing Officer in 1992. Her service has included Germany, Gibraltar, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo and more recently Sierra Leone at the end of the Ebola outbreak. She is now a reservist at the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in Medical Operational Support Group. On leaving regular service, Janet undertook a Master’s of Arts in Human Resources Management and then a qualifying Law degree at the University of Teesside. Janet’s PhD is in Health Studies in 2012 and is titled, ‘Professional, Ethical, and Legal Issues in British Military Healthcare practice’.

Janet has many published national and international academic papers on healthcare and military ethics including a book titled, ‘Is Medical Ethics in Armed Conflict Identical to Medical Ethics in Peace?’ that was nominated for the Medical Book Award of the Year 2013 and more recently a book chapter in 2019 ‘on ‘Legal Issues in Midwifery Care: In Empowering Decision-Making in Midwifery, A Global Perspective’.

Janet has been awarded NATO medals, the Queens Silver and Gold Jubilee medals and the Volunteer Reserve Medal.

Zachary Bailey

Zachary Bailey

Postgraduate Student

Zachary Bailey graduated from the US Air Force Academy in 2020. He was subsequently awarded a Marshall Scholarship, through which he is completing his Masters Degree from King's College London in Global Health with a focus on Conflict and Security. He has future plans to go to medical school in the United States after completing his two years on the Marshall Scholarship, and he will serve in the US military as a physican. He has particular interests in the interactions between military medical programs, international organizations, NGOs, and local healthcare providers in areas of conflict. Further study of the concepts of neutrality and impartiality for healthcare in conflict prompted Zachary to join the King's Centre for Military Ethics with a particular interest in researching military medical ethics (MME). He is currently focusing on how MME are discussed in languages and cultures other than English.