Centre for Military Ethics

Key People

Professor David Whetham

Professor David Whetham

Director

Dr David Whetham is Professor of Ethics and the Military Profession at the Defence Studies Department of King’s College London, based at the Joint Services Command and Staff College at the UK Defence Academy where he coordinates or delivers the military ethics component of courses for between two and three thousand British and international officers a year.

David has been a Visiting Fellow at the Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership, Annapolis (2011), and with the Centre for Defence Leadership and Ethics at the Australian Defence College in Canberra (2009). He is currently a PLuS Alliance Fellow, coordinating reserach activities with King's strategic partners at University of New South Wales and Arizona State University, and a Senior Visiting Fellow at UNSW Canberra.

Publications include Ethics, Law and Military Operations (Palgrave, 2010), Just Wars and Moral Victories (Brill, 2009) and with Andrea Ellner & Paul Robinson (Eds), When Soldiers Say No: Selective Conscientious Objection in the Modern Military (Ashgate: 2014).

David is Vice President of the European Chapter of the International Society for Military Ethics (Euro ISME) which holds an annual conference for military practitioners, academics and defence policy-makers.

Please pass all enquiries through David: david.whetham@kcl.ac.uk

Lt Gen (Rtd) Professor Martin CM Bricknell CB OStJ PhD DM MBA MA MedSci

Lt Gen (Rtd) Professor Martin CM Bricknell CB OStJ PhD DM MBA MA MedSci

Deputy Director & Professorial Advisor “Ethics Education for Crisis Medicine”

Professor Bricknell served 34 years in the UK Defence Medical Services, culminating his service as the last Surgeon General. He undertook operational tours in Afghanistan, Iraq, and the Balkans with multiple additional overseas assignments. In 2010 and 2006, he held senior Medical Adviser appointments in the NATO ISAF mission. He commanded 22 Field Hospital in 1999-2002. He has trained as a general practitioner and is an accredited specialist in both Public Health and Occupational Medicine. He holds two doctorates and 3 masters degrees. He has published over 100 academic papers across military medical subjects. He is especially interested in how organisations learn, care pathways in military healthcare, and the political economy of health in conflict. He was awarded the Companion of the Order of Bath, the Order of St John and the US Bronze Star during his military service. He took up his current appointment in April 2019.

Dr Deane-Peter Baker

Dr Deane-Peter Baker

Visiting Senior Research Fellow

Dr Deane-Peter Baker was appointed to the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at UNSW Canberra (at the Australian Defence Force Academy) in August 2012, where he is also a researcher in the Australian Centre for the Study of Armed Conflict and Society.

He came to Canberra from Annapolis, Maryland, USA, where he was an Assistant Professor of Ethics in the Department of Leadership, Ethics and Law at the United States Naval Academy for two and a half years. Prior to that Dr Baker was Associate Professor of Ethics at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa, where he taught for eleven years. His PhD, in philosophy, was awarded by Macquarie University. Dr Baker served briefly in the British Army, and served the South African Army Reserve where he was Convenor of the South African Army Strategy Research Group and part of the leadership team of the Umvoti Mounted Rifles, a reserve armoured cavalry regiment.

A specialist in both the ethics of armed conflict and military strategy, Dr Baker's research straddles philosophy, ethics and security studies. From 2006 to 2008 Dr Baker was Chairman of the Ethics Society of South Africa. He has held visiting fellowships at the Triangle Institute for Security Studies in North Carolina, the Strategic Studies Institute of the US Army War College and Kings College London. From 2007 to 2010 Dr Baker was editor of the African Security Review. Dr Baker created the world’s first Massive Open Online Course on the topic of Military Ethics, hosted on the FutureLearn platform. In 2017 he was appointed to the International Panel for the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons.

Dr Marina Miron

Dr Marina Miron

Post Doctoral Researcher

Marina Miron holds a BA in Politics and American Studies (Jt Hons) from the University of Nottingham, and a MA in War & Contemporary Conflict (Distinction) from the same institution. In February 2019, Marina successfully completed her PhD studies in the area of military strategy at the University of New South Wales Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, Australia. Since 2012 she has been working as assistant editor at Infinity Journal and The Journal of Military Operations. Marina has participated in a range of academic conferences such as the International Studies Association Annual Convention, and taught short courses related to strategic studies, intelligence and counterinsurgency/counterterrorism at various establishments, most notably, at the NATO School in Oberammergau, Germany. Marina’s main research interests include strategic and war studies with emphasis on the Middle East, Southeast Asia and Russia, the thought of Clausewitz, and forms of contemporary warfare, including cyber-warfare, and ‘irregular warfare’.

Lt Col. Tom McDermott DSO MA

Lt Col. Tom McDermott DSO MA

Research Fellow

Lt Col. Tom McDermott DSO MA joined the British Army in 2001. Through fourteen years' service he has operated from the tactical to the strategic. He took part in the 2003 Iraq invasion as a tank commander, and has worked in both the EU Military HQ in Brussels and within highly-sensitive MOD departments. In 2011 he attended the Australian Command and Staff College in Canberra, where he gained an MA in Strategy and Policy and was awarded the Governor General's Prize as the best student.

In recent years he has specialised in the NATO operation in Afghanistan, planning and coordinated high-tempo strike operations throughout the country. In 2013 he commanded the Reconnaissance Force for the UK's 7th Armoured Brigade (the Desert Rats), where he led 50 air-mobile missions. For this he was awarded the UK's Distinguished Service Order. Maj McDermott has most recently been employed as an Instructor at the Defence Academy of the UK, specialising in leadership and land warfare. In October 2015 he transferred to the Australian Army.

Lt Col Andres Eduardo Fernandez-Osorio

Lt Col Andres Eduardo Fernandez-Osorio

Research Fellow

Andres Eduardo Fernandez-Osorio, PhD in Law and Political Science, is a Lieutenant Colonel in the National Army of Colombia currently serving as head of the Department of Postgraduate Studies at the Colombian War College (Escuela Superior de Guerra “Rafael Reyes Prieto”) and associate professor at the Colombian Army Military Academy (Escuela Militar de Cadetes “General Jose Maria Cordova”). He holds an MA in Economy, State and Society: Politics and Security (University College London, UK); an MA in International Relations (Higher School of Economics Moscow, Russian Federation); and an MA in Defence and National Security (Colombian War College).

He is a graduate of the UK Defence Academy – Joint Services Command and Staff College, and has acted as a guest lecturer at the Colombian War College (Escuela Superior de Guerra) and at the Del Rosario University (Colegio Mayor de Nuestra Señora del Rosario). During his career, he has served as the liaison officer at the Military and Air Force attaché office of the Embassy of Colombia to the United Kingdom, and an assistant to the Military, Naval and Air Force attaché of the Embassy of Colombia to the Russian Federation.

Dr Chiu-Yi Lin

Dr Chiu-Yi Lin

Research Associate

Dr. Chiu-Yi Lin is a Research Associate in the Department of War Studies at King’s College London. Prior to this she received her MSc degree in 2013 and obtained her PhD in Nursing at the University of Manchester, UK, in 2019. She then joined the Division of Pharmacy and Optometry and worked on various health service projects.

In her early career, Chiu-Yi was a registered nurse in psychiatric inpatient wards at Tri-Service General Hospital, Taiwan (a military hospital). After this, she worked as a lecturer in two college-level institutions, teaching mental healthcare and conducting literature reviews. During her career, she has worked at various research institutions, hospitals, colleges, and universities in the UK and Taiwan in the field of health service research.

She is especially interested in military medical ethics, military healthcare, global health and security systems, pain management, opioid use, shared decision making, quality of life, evidence-based practice, mental health services research, and medical education.

Dr Anicée Van Engeland

Dr Anicée Van Engeland

Research Fellow

Dr Anicée Van Engeland (PhD Institut d’Etudes Politiques 06, LLM Harvard Law School 04, MA International Relations 02, MA Iranian Studies 02) is an Associate Professor of international security and law at Cranfield University. Anicée’s main areas of research and practice are human rights law and humanitarian law (with a focus on Islamic law). She adapts liberal principles of international law to accommodate cultural and religious specificities.

A former aid worker and human rights worker, Dr Van Engeland advises, trains and debriefs many NGOs and international organisations’ staff. She trains armed forces in the UK, as well as all forces and civil servants around the world through MOD/FCO programmes. She has provided support to the Jamaican Ministry of National Security and to the Ukrainian authorities. Anicée also advises governments, international organisations, NGOs and civil society on Islam, security and conflict, including Islamic humanitarian principles. She teaches and has published on issues ranging from human rights law to ethics and law, from security to peace-building, from corruption to accountability.

Dr Whitney Grespin

Dr Whitney Grespin

Researcher

Dr. Whitney Grespin has worked in contingency contracting, educational programming, and international development on five continents, having earned her PhD at King’s College London’s Defence Studies Department after holding a three-year Graduate Teaching Assistant studentship at the UK Defence Academy’s Joint Services Command and Staff College. Dr. Grespin is currently a Post-Doctoral Researcher at the Institute for Future Conflict (IFC) in tandem with the Department of Military and Strategic Studies and the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership at United States Air Force Academy. Previously, she worked as an advisor to the Somali Ministry of Defense, before which she supported the U.S. Army War College’s Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI) as a Peace Operations Analyst. Her research interests focus on the U.S. use of contractors to train partner militaries/deliver security assistance.

Dr Andrea Ellner

Dr Andrea Ellner

Core Team

Dr Andrea Ellner is a Lecturer in the Defence Studies Department of King’s College London, based at the Joint Services Command and Staff College at the UK Defence Academy. She is an inter-disciplinary scholar who holds a PhD in Political Science, Free University of Berlin, and MA History, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich. Her current research and specialist teaching focus on historical and contemporary dimensions of civil-military and military-society relations in Europe and the US, particularly gender integration in Western armed forces, ethics of war and military organisations, social discourses on war and warriors, gender and armed conflict.

She has served on the Committee of the University Association of Contemporary European Studies (2005/6), was a visiting lecturer at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris (2005) and a Research Associate at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, London (1994-5).

Publications include ‘The Ethics of Inclusion: Gender Equality, Equal Opportunity and Sexual Assault in the Australian, British, Canadian and US Armed Forces,’ in George Lucas (ed.), Handbook of Military Ethics. (Routledge: forthcoming 2015) and "War Resisters in the US and Britain – Supporting the Case for a Right to Selective Conscientious Objection?" in Andrea Ellner, Paul Robinson and David Whetham (Eds), When Soldiers Say No: Selective Conscientious Objection in the Modern Military (Ashgate: 2014).

Dr Ellner is a member of the European Chapter of the International Society of Military Ethics (EURO-ISME), the International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS), London, the Royal United Services Institution (RUSI), London, and the British Pugwash Society.

Dr Mohammed Metwally

Dr Mohammed Metwally

Post Doctoral Researcher

Mo Metwally is a post-doctoral researcher with the King’s Centre for military ethics, supporting the research for health in conflict project. He is a fellow of SYLFF foundation (The Ryoichi Sasakawa Young Leaders Fellowship Fund). He has held fellowships in Jaen University, Castilla de la Mancha, and Deusto in Spain. He has also been a visiting researcher in the department of forensic medicine in the University of Palermo to study the impact of ethical leadership on the efficiency and reliability of forensic operations, and in the Institute of Statistics of Cairo University. His current research activities lie in the field of military and military medical ethics during conflict and post-conflict.

Dr. Lonneke Peperkamp

Dr. Lonneke Peperkamp

International Associate

Dr. Lonneke Peperkamp is assistant professor in philosophy of law at Radboud University Nijmegen and SPIRe research fellow at University College Dublin. Lonneke has an interdisciplinary background in law, philosophy, and conflict studies, and holds a PhD in just war theory (specifically jus post bellum and peace building). She was previously a visiting assistant professor at Hong Kong University, visiting research fellow at the European University Institute in Florence, and researcher at Goethe University Frankfurt. Lonneke teaches courses on the ethics of war and peace, philosophy of human rights, global distributive justice, the ethics of violence, philosophy of law, and war and violent conflict. Her main research interests are war and political violence, military ethics, peace building, space law and security, global justice, and human rights. She is a member of the Board of Directors of EuroISME (the International Society for Military Ethics in Europe).

Prof. Dr Dragan Stanar

Prof. Dr Dragan Stanar

International Associate

Dr Dragan Stanar is Associate Professor of Ethics at the Faculty of International Politics and Security, UNT University in Belgrade. He is an Adjunct Associate Professor of Military Ethics at the Military Academy in Belgrade and at the School of National Defence of the University of Defense. He is a member of the EuroISME Board of Directors and editor-in-chief of the online Ethics of Peace and War collection. Dragan has published over 30 academic papers on ethics of war, military ethics and political ethics along with two books – Just war (2019) and Ethics of International Politics (2021). SAF officer in reserve. Fields of interest include ethics of war, ethics of political violence, and political philosophy.

Dr George Wilkes

Dr George Wilkes

Visiting Research Fellow

Dr George R. Wilkes is an Affiliated Research Fellow focused on military ethics education and its relationship with International Humanitarian Law. Director of the Project on Religion and Ethics in the Making of War and Peace at the University of Edinburgh, he has lectured at the universities of Cambridge, Edinburgh, Leuven, Birmingham and California. He is currently co-directing a Euro-ISME case study project on positive applications of ethical and legal norms, designed as a partner project to the ICRC’s IHL in Action platform. Other recent projects have included a cross-cultural dialogue between Chinese and Western military ethics educators, and a co-edited volume on uses of the Holocaust in military ethics education.

Holly Hughson

Holly Hughson

Research Project Manager “Ethics Education for Crisis Medicine”

Holly Hughson is a Senior Advisor and practitioner researcher having operated and advised for almost two decades in high-stakes crisis response, humanitarian action and civil-military coordination. Holly’s work experience by country includes Kosovo, Sudan, South Sudan, Iraq, Russian Federation, Macedonia, Afghanistan and Ghana. As a frontline witness to 21st century conflict, Holly has seen first hand, the disruption to 20th century norms of security, power, profession and identity. Holly researches, writes and speaks on the intersections of humanitarian aid, counterterrorism, and civil-military coordination. Holly’s chapter, “The Military is Not the Sole Profession on the Battlefield” appeared in the 2018 publication from the U.S. Naval Institute Press, Redefining the Modern Military – The Intersection of Professional and Ethics, Eds, N.K. Finney and T.O. Mayfield.

Dr Stefan Schilling

Dr Stefan Schilling

Researcher

Stefan is a Teaching Fellow at KCL's Defence Studies Department teaching Command and Leadership as well as International Relations, Security Studies and Civil Military Relations at the Joint Services Command and Staff College of the UK Defence Academy. He is also the School Research Manager for the School of Security Studies at King's College London, responsible for grant development and funding support for academics at the War Studies Department and the Department of Defence Studies of KCL.

Stefan has submitted his PhD at King's College London on Cohesion and Social Identity in military units in June 2019, and is currently pursuing a conversion course in Psychology, focusing on social identity, moral psychology and resilience. Stefan has worked closely with the Royal Marines and accompanied various units on military excercises overseas.

Before joining King’s, Stefan has been working at the University of Heidelberg as a Teaching Assistant, supporting courses on U.S. Foreign Policy, Military Interventions and Foreign Policy Analysis, worked at the German Council of Foreign Relations, organising conferences on NATO strategy in Afghanistan. Stefan holds an M.A. from the University of Heidelberg in Political Science and Political Science of South Asia; and has studied at the University of Toronto's Munk School for Global Affairs and at the Shanghai International Studies University.

Isabella Gardner

Isabella Gardner

Undergraduate Research Fellow, Summer 2018

Isabella Gardner is an Undergraduate Research Fellow in the Centre for Military Ethics, where she is working with Dr Whetham to expand the tools available for teaching and discussing military ethics. She has recently completed her undergraduate degree in International Relations at King’s College London where she specialised in the Middle East and ethical issues surrounding the reporting of conflict as a journalist. Isabella will be starting at the Home Office in September to work on refugee integration policy.

Suji Sohn

Suji Sohn

Undergraduate Research Fellow, Summer 2017

Suji Sohn was the 2017 Undergraduate Research Fellow in the Centre for Military Ethics, where she worked with Dr David Whetham on developing curriculum content. Currently Suji is a third year Undergraduate in War Studies, with work experience ranging from military defence through to consultancy. She is interested in the financial world and looking to develop into a recognised investment analyst having completed her investment management certification in 2017.

Dr Emma Cunliffe

Dr Emma Cunliffe

Research Fellow 2016

Dr Cunliffe's research interests focus on the types of damage sustained by archaeological sites in the Middle East in peace and war, and developing ways of identifying and recording the threats using satellite imagery and social media. This work has primarily focused on Syria and Iraq. As a part of this, she is also interested in civil-military relations before, during, and after conflict. Dr Cunliffe joins the Centre for Military Ethics in order to produce a Blue Shield/Cultural Heritage Property Protection online module.

Hayley Stoate

Hayley Stoate

Undergraduate Research Fellow, Summer 2016

Hayley Stoate is a second year Undergraduate Political Economy student at King's College London. With a view to pursue diplomacy, she aspires to attain a well-rounded understanding of international relations: from private, security, and public perspectives. After working in a tech start-up TitanFile last year, Hayley is currently working as a research fellow for Dr. David Whetham in the field of Military Ethics before she goes on to intern in Parliament later this summer. Looking forward, Hayley hopes to pursue a law conversion immediately following her degree.

William Reynolds

William Reynolds

Undergraduate Research Fellow, Summer 2016

William Reynolds is an Undergraduate Research Fellow in the Centre for Military Ethics, where he is working on a project highlighting ethical dilemmas in military environments and provide prompts for discussing them in formal and informal settings, with an aim to expanding the tools into the joint environment. He is currently entering the second year of his Undergraduate degree in War Studies at Kings College London with a focus on post 1792 historical warfare up to contemporary issues.

Gwilym Williams

Gwilym Williams

Undergraduate Research Fellow, Summer 2015

Gwilym Williams is an Undergraduate Research Fellow in the Centre for Military Ethics, at the Defence Studies Department of King’s College London, where he is working with Dr David Whetham on a project to highlight ethical dilemmas in military environments and provide prompts for discussing them in formal and informal settings. He has recently completed his undergraduate degree in History at King’s, where he largely focused on military and political issues, writing his final-year dissertation on the politics of the despatch of Spitfires from Britain to Australia during the Second World War. He hopes to begin the MA War Studies programme at King’s in September, and to pursue a career relating to the armed forces and British defence policy.

Dr Janet Kelly

Dr Janet Kelly

Visiting Senior Lecturer

Janet is a Senior Lecturer (Band 9) in Healthcare Law and Ethics at the University of Hull and is an Honorary Senior Lecturer.

Janet qualified as a nurse in 1988 and as a midwife in 1991. She joined the British Army in Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps first as a reservist in 1989 and then as a regular Nursing Officer in 1992. Her service has included Germany, Gibraltar, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo and more recently Sierra Leone at the end of the Ebola outbreak. She is now a reservist at the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in Medical Operational Support Group. On leaving regular service, Janet undertook a Master’s of Arts in Human Resources Management and then a qualifying Law degree at the University of Teesside. Janet’s PhD is in Health Studies in 2012 and is titled, ‘Professional, Ethical, and Legal Issues in British Military Healthcare practice’.

Janet has many published national and international academic papers on healthcare and military ethics including a book titled, ‘Is Medical Ethics in Armed Conflict Identical to Medical Ethics in Peace?’ that was nominated for the Medical Book Award of the Year 2013 and more recently a book chapter in 2019 ‘on ‘Legal Issues in Midwifery Care: In Empowering Decision-Making in Midwifery, A Global Perspective’.

Janet has been awarded NATO medals, the Queens Silver and Gold Jubilee medals and the Volunteer Reserve Medal.

Zachary Bailey

Zachary Bailey

Postgraduate Student

Zachary Bailey graduated from the US Air Force Academy in 2020. He was subsequently awarded a Marshall Scholarship, through which he is completing his Masters Degree from King's College London in Global Health with a focus on Conflict and Security. He has future plans to go to medical school in the United States after completing his two years on the Marshall Scholarship, and he will serve in the US military as a physican. He has particular interests in the interactions between military medical programs, international organizations, NGOs, and local healthcare providers in areas of conflict. Further study of the concepts of neutrality and impartiality for healthcare in conflict prompted Zachary to join the King's Centre for Military Ethics with a particular interest in researching military medical ethics (MME). He is currently focusing on how MME are discussed in languages and cultures other than English.

Nur Shaheen Binte Zainudin

Nur Shaheen Binte Zainudin

Undergraduate Research Fellow, Summer 2021

Nur Shaheen, a third-year student of Global Health and Social Medicine at Kings College London, was selected by Dr. Martin Bricknell in the Centre for Military Ethics as an Undergraduate Research Fellow in the summer of 2021. In this role, she was overseen by Lin Chiu-Yi to develop a bibliometric visual map of French-language academic and gray literature articles surrounding military medical ethics keywords. This process also included scoping out Malay and Indonesian language databases following similar themes. Some of these works contributed to Zackary Bailey’s postgraduate publications. In the future, Shaheen aims to work in the field of indigenous health disparities in the realm of healthcare distribution, particularly in Southeast Asia.